The Province of North Cotabato lies on the eastern part of Region XII and is strategically located in the central part of the Mindanao. It is bounded on the North by the Province of Bukidnon, on the north west by Lanao del Sur, on East by Davao City, on the southeast by Davao del Sur, on the West by Maguindanao Province and on the southwest by Sultan Kudarat Province.
It is one of the four provinces comprising Region XII(SOCCSKSARGEN), along with the provinces of South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat and Sarangani. Kidapawan City is the capital of the province. The province is composed of 17 municipalities and 1 component city.
In 1901, the American government formed the province of Cotabato covering what are presently the provinces of Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato and Sarangani. During the American period, large companies were established in Cotabato to exploit the vast timber resources of the region. By the 1930s settlers from Luzon and Visayas established homesteads in Cotabato. The pace of settlement accelerated in the 1950s and 1960s
The settlement of large Christian communities in what were then considered Muslim territories raised ethnic tensions between the two cultural communities. The tension exploded into bloody skirmishes between Muslim and Christian ared groups like the Blackshirts and the Ilagas in 1971. The infamous Manili massacre, where more than fifty men, women and children were killed inside a mosque by an armed Christian group, inflamed ethnic tensions further and led to the escalation of the conflict into open warfare between Bangsa Moro secessionists and government forces. Thousand of refugees fled to more settled towns.
In October 1973, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 373, the provinces of Cotabato, Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat were created from out of the province of Cotabato. The province became part of an autonomous government for Region XII following the Tripoli Agreement of 1976. In 1989, following a plebiscite to determine the extent of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the province declined inclusion.
In Cotabato comes from the Maguindanao Kuta wato, or stone fort, and bespeaks of the long tradition of courage and resistance that marks the history of the Pulangi River basin.
|Total Land Area||Total Land Area: 825,000 haLand Classification:
Alienable and Disposable:
Forest Land:Land Use:
Fishing ground: 12
Lakes and Other bodies of water:
|Cities||1 (Kidapawan City)|
|District||3 congressional district|
The agro-climate of the whole province is characterized by a rainfall region wherein the wet and dry seasons are not pronounced. Based on data, it was in CY 2003 that records the highest total monthly rainfall with 3,201.10mm.
Typhoons do not pass through the province and rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.
|Total Population||1,173,933(excluding Cotabato City, 2015 PSA estimate)|
|Ethnicity||Maguindanaoans (64.5%); Iranuns (18.4%); Tedurays/ Lumads (8.4%); Hiligaynon; Cebuanos|
|No. of Household||194,507 (2015 PSA estimate)|
|Local Dialects||Maguindanao and Iranun|
|Poverty Incidence||48.8% (among families, PSA estimate 2015)|
|Magnitude of Poor||86,100 (families, PSA estimate 2015)|
|Annual per Capital Poverty Threshold (2015)||Php 21,423|
|Land Area Devoted for Agriculture||229,909 hectares|
|Land Area Harvested, ha||Volume of production, mt||Land Area Devoted to SAAD|
|Major Crops||Palay||25,333||100,137||1,100 ha|
|Volume of production, mt||No. of Heads provided by SAAD|
|Year||Intervention||Municipality||Number of Beneficiaries|
|2018||Upland rice production||Alamada||200|
|Mallard duck raising|