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Total Population(2015) 780,481
Ethnicity Waray
No. of Household (2015) 165,286
Local Dialects Residents of Samar are mostly Waray, the sixth larges cultural-linguistic group in the country. 90.2 percent of the household population speaks the Waray-Waray language, while 9.8 percent also speak Cebuano; 8.1 percent Boholano; 0.07 percent tagalog, and 0.5 percent other language.
Poverty Incidence (2015) 39.50%
Magnitude of Poor (2015) 58,326
Annual per Capital Poverty Threshold (2015) Php 20,139
Land Area Devoted for Agriculture (2002) 140,529 has.
Land Area Land Area Devoted to SAAD
Major Crops (2014) Palay 54,774 Harvested/has.
Corn 5,646 Harvested/has.
Coconut 49,000 Harvested/has.
Mango 31 Harvested/has.
Banana 4,723 Harvested/has.
No. of Heads No. of Heads provided by SAAD
Major Livestock (2016) Carabao 31,532
Cattle 1,117
Chicken 533,171
Duck 12,631
Goat 2,369
Region Region VIII
Province Western Samar
General Description Samar Island lies southeast of Luzon. It occupies the northernmost section of Eastern Visayas or Region VIII. The province of Samar(western) occupies the southwestern part of Samar Island. It has the largest land area (559,100 has.) among the three provinces which constitute 42% of the island’s total land area and 26 % of Region VIII. The San Juanico Bridge connects Samar to the province of Leyte on the southeast across the San Juanico Strait. It is bounded on the north by Northern Samar, on the east by Eastern Samar, on the south by Leyte Gulf and on the west by the Samar Sea. Catbalogan City, the provincial capital, is 107 kilometers from Tacloban City, the regional capital of Eastern Visayas.
Creation Prior to the coming of the Spaniards in 1596, Samar Island was called in different names (Samal, Ibabao/Cibabao, Tandaya, etc.). Legend says that when the Spaniards arrived in Homonhon Island, they met a wounded man and asked the name of the place, he replied “samad” which implies of what had happened to him for he didn’t understand Spanish. So, the word “samad” was adopted with an alteration in the last letter(from d to r). The name Samar was derived from the local dialect “Samad”, meaning wound or cut, which aptly describes the rough physical features of the island that is rugged and deeply dissected by streams or a multitude of in the early days of Spanish occupation, Samar and Leyte island where from Cebu and declared into one province with Carigara, Leyte as the capital. Consequently, during the Spanish-American colonial period, Samar was separated from Leyte and declared as a province in 1768 with Catbalogan as the provincial capital. On June 19, 1965 RA 4221 was passed by Congress dividing Samar Island into three (3) provinces: Northern Samar with Catarman as capital, Eastern Samar with Borongan as capital, and Western Samar with Catbalogan as capital. A subsequent legislation passed on June 21, 1969 (RA5650) changed the title “Western Samar” to simply Samar.
Total Land Area 559,100 has.
Topography The physical environment of Samar includes almost every kind of topgraphy: mountains, forests, rivers, lakes, plains, coast and islands. It has a much lower highland system compared to other provinces. The central upland core is formed from a broad plateau with local relief sight ranging 700 to 1,000 feet. Numerous streams in the island have cut sharp valleys on the surface of this plateau and the overall landscape is hilly and rugged.
Income Class 1st Class
District 2
Cities (2) Calbayog City; Catbalogan City
Municipality (24) Tagapul-an; Almagro; Santo Niño; Santa Margarita; Gandara;Matuguinao;Pagsanghan;Tarangnan;San Jorge;San Jose de Buan;Motiong;Jiabong;Paranas;Daram;Zumarraga;San Sebastian; Hinabangan; Calbiga; Villareal; Talalora; Pinabacdao; Santa Rita; Basey; Marabut
Barangays 951
Climate The province has no distinct dry or wet season. Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.

Relative to its location, Samar province serves as a reference point for tropical cyclones occurrences as it is within the typhoon path/belt. However, it doesn’t mean that the province is frequently hit by tropical cyclone (Tropical Depression, Storm and Typhoon). A 45-year data on Tropical Cyclones Incidence in the Philippine Are of Responsibility shows that out of the total 315 tropical cyclones, 22% of 70 cyclones actually hit the province or an average of 1.5 tropical cyclone per year compared to Luzon area which is about 5.4 tropical cyclone per year which is comprises about 78% (245) of the total cyclone incidence within the specified period.

Year Interventions Municipalities Number of Beneficiaries
2016 Rice Production
• Training (50)
• Rice seeds (2,500 bags)
• Urea (2,500 bags)
• Complete fertilizer (2,500 bags)
• Pump and engine sets (50 units)
• Hand tractors (50 units)
Data not available Data not available
Corn Production
• Training (300)
• OPV seeds (300 bags)
• Urea (300 bags)
Data not available Data not available
Vegetable Production
• Training (6)
• Rain shelter (45 units)
Data not available Data not available
Organic Vegetable Production
• Training (5)
Data not available Data not available
Livestock Production
• Training (5)
• Dairy goatstel farm (1)
• Incubators (3 units)
• Hostel (1 unit)
Data not available Data not available
2017 Enhanced Rice Production Basey 96
Calbayog 101
Gandara 102
Jiabong 129
Motiong 136
Pinabacdao 112
San Jorge 102
Sta. Margarita 92
Sta. Rita 95
2017 Enhanced Corn Production Daram 30
Gandara 30
Motiong 30
Paranas 30
San Jorge 30
Enhanced Vegetable Gardening Almagro 44
Catbalogan 40
Gandara 40
Jiabong 40
Pagsanghan 40
Paranas 40
San Jorge 40
San Jose de Buan 40
San Sebastian 40
Sta. Rita 40
Talolora 40
Enhanced Poultry Production Almagro 52
Basey 52
Calbayog 52
Calbiga 52
Daram 52
Hinabangan 52
Marabut 52
Matuguinao 53
Pinabacdao 53
Swine Fattening Project San Jose de Buan 53
San Sebastian 53
Sto. Niño 53
Sta. Margarita 53
Sta. Rita 53
Tagapul-an 53
Talalora 53
Tarangnan 53
Villareal 53
Zumarraga 53
Sustainable Goat Production Almagro 25
Daram 25
Sto. Niño 25
Tagapul-an 25
Talalora 25
Zumarraga 25
Sustainable Ube Production Calbiga 43
2018 Jiabong 42
Motiong 43
Rice Production (2 rice cutters) Paranas 43
Pinabacdao 43
San Jorge 43
Sta. Rita 43
Sustainable Ginger Production Calbiga 125
Motiong 125
Paranas 125
Pinabacdao 125
Sustainable Peanut Production Basey 300
Calbiga 300
Paranas 300
Pinabacdao 300
Poultry Production Hinabangan 40
Matuguinao 40
San Jose de Buan 40
San Sebastian 40
Talolora 40
Swine Production Hinabangan 21
Matuguinao 21
San Jose de Buan 11
San Sebastian 22
Sta. Margarita 11
Ube Production Calbiga 80
Corn Production Sta. Margarita 1 group

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