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Southern Leyte

LEGENDS
rice Rice Production
corn Corn Production
cassava Cassava Gardening
poultry Poultry Production
swine Swine Production

Southern Leyte Province is one of the six provinces in the Eastern Visayas Region, neighboring Leyte Province in the north, facing the Pacific in the east, Camotes Sea in the west and Sogod Gulf in the south.

The province was once a part of Leyte before it was made into a separate province by the year 1960. It is composed of one congressional district, 1 City (Maasin City being its Capital), 18 municipalities. There are 500 barangays, 255 of which are coastal barangays and 245 non-coastal barangays.

Its total land area corresponds to 8.1 percent or 173,480 hectares of the total area of the Eastern Visayas region. The province is composed of a mainland and four islands. The biggest is the Panaon Island that includes the municipalities of Liloan, San Francisco, Pintuyan, and San Ricardo. Followed by the island Municipality of Limasawa, the island barangays of San Pablo and San Pedro of the Municipality of Hinunangan.

The province’s specific climate was obtained from Lantican (2001), citing Kintanar (1984) in The Science and Practice of Crop Production. Whereas, the province of Northern Samar is classified as Type II, with no dry season and with a very pronounced maximum rain period from December to February. There is not a single dry month. Minimum monthly rainfall occurs during the period from March to May.

The province’s native language is a Boholano dialect variant of Cebuano. However, some natives also speak Waray, Filipino (Tagalog), English, and to a much lesser extent, Spanish.

Southern Leyte is basically an agricultural province complemented by the growth in the services sector. The major sources of income in the province are farming and fishing. The major crops grown are coconut, rice, banana, rice, root crops, fruits, and vegetables. Livestock and poultry are mostly raised in the backyard, and are used for home consumption and special occasions. Carabaos are mostly used in farming and hauling of agricultural products from the farm to the market.

Based on the 2018 data of PSA, Coconut is the major crop of the province with a volume of production of 127,750 metric tons for a harvested area of 32,150 ha giving an average yield of 3.97 MT per hectare. Following coconut as a major crop are rice (rainfed and irrigated palay), white corn and banana.

For the poultry sector, the province’s focus is on the production of native/improved chicken. On the other hand, for the livestock sector, the province’s focus is on swine production. The PSA recorded that the province has produced 1,800 heads of chicken and 6,111 heads of swine for the year 2019.

Fishing is one of the major means of livelihood in Southern Leyte. The province has 19 coastal municipalities and 236 costal barangays. Its coastal population was recorded at 188, 434. Length of coastline in kilometers reached up to 62, 295.71.  Its major fishing ground is Bohol Sea.

The province has eleven (11) licensed commercial fishing boats with seven (7) registered fishing boat operators. Bohol Sea is the major fishing ground of the commercial fishers. Gears used are Ring Net, Purse Seine and Carrier with an annual production of 42 metric tons.

For municipal fisheries, there are 24,262 registered municipal fisherfolks – 18,164 are male and 6,098 are female. Registered motorized boats were recorded at 4,851 and non-motorized at 3,514.

In the 4th quarter of 2019, the biggest contributor in terms of volume of production is municipal fishing  at 1,340 metric tons, followed by commercial at 91, and last is aquaculture at 27.

Major species are bali sardinella, bullet tuna, and kawa kawa.

The different aquaculture activities are: Bangus and Tilapia Culture in Brackishwater and Freshwater Fishpond, Marine Fish Cage, Freshwater Fish Cage, Marine Fishpen; and Kappaphycus alvarezii species for Seaweed farming.

Sources: BFAR 8 NSAP, PSA 2019, Municipal Profile 2019

The province’s annual per capita poverty threshold level was estimated at Php 23,318 in 2015 which means that a family of five members in the province should have a monthly income of P9,716 to meet its food and non-food requirements. This figure is higher than the regional (P21,304) figure. Southern Leyte registered a poverty incidence among families of 30.2 % or 27,083 poor households. However, the province registered the highest decrease in poverty incidence among families from 2015 to the first semester of 2018 (30.2% to 22.8.)

In terms of the poverty situation in Southern Leyte, the municipality of Malitbog has the highest poverty incidence at 46.2% while the City of Maasin has the lowest at 33%.

Agriculture Sector

Upon implementation of the SAAD Program, the province identified nine (9) municipalities to be the farmer-partners of the program for FY 2018-2019, namely:  Malitbog, Bontoc, Tomas Oppus, Liloan, St. Bernard, Libagon, Sogod, San Francisco and Pintuyan.  Interventions such as rice, corn, cassava, swine, and poultry amounting to Php 37,047,572 were given to 1,836 farmer individuals and 7 farmer associations last FY 2018 and, interventions such as Rice, Corn, Cassava, Swine and Poultry amounting to Php 24, 924,686 were given to 1,028 farmer individuals and 23 farmer associations  last 2019.

Meanwhile,  for FY 2020 the province has focused from nine (9) to seven (7) municipalities namely;  Malitbog, Bontoc, Tomas Oppus, Liloan, St. Bernard,  San Francisco and Pintuyan. Interventions such as corn, vegetable, swine, and poultry amounting to Php 19,895,739 were given to 1,028 farmer individuals and 22 farmer associations.

2018

BONTOC
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Mahayahay 20 338,000.00
Corn Production Bunga 1 732,400.00
Catuogan 11
Himakilo 11
Hitawos Hitawos Farmers Sustainable Development Association 82
42
Mahayahay 8
Pamigsian 18
Sto. Niňo 1
Rice Production Cawayanan 22 657,800.00
Dao 16
Divisoria 20
Esperanza 23
Guinsangaan 20
Mahayahay 8
Mauylab 28
San Ramon 27
San Vicente 7
Sto. Niňo 2
Talisay 21
Taytagan 8
Union 36
TOTAL 432 1,728,200.00
LIBANGON
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Rice Production Bugasong 18 202,400.00
Cawayan 1
Gakat 3
Magkasag 4
Mayuga 8
Nahaong 1
Nahulid 11
Otikon 21
Tigbao 28
Swine Fattening Bugasong 3 5,003,020.00
Cawayan 1
Nahaong 30
Nahulid 32
Pangi United Farmers Association of Pangi (UNIFAP) 32
1
Punta 10
Talisay 10
Tigbao 3
Swine Production Biasong 2 1,667,400.00
Cawayan 1
Jubas 9
Otikon 6
Pangi 8
Punta 1
Talisay 2
Tigbao 4
TOTAL 250 6,872,820.00
LILOAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Anilao 1 563,000.00
Fatima 19
Guintoylan 1
Malangza 2
San Roque San Roque Farmers Association (SAROFA) 26
Swine Fattening Cagbungalon 1 3,422,520.00
Calian 14
Fatima 15
Guintoylan 14
Himay-angan 15
Ilag 16
San Isidro 15
TOTAL 139 3,985,520.00
MALITBOG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Rice Production Aurora 24 445,400.00
Cadaruhan 5
Cadaruhan Sur 10
Caraatan 30
Guinabonan 10
Kauswagan 8
New Katipunan 23
Pasil 3
Sabang 2
San Isidro 7
San Jose 5
San Vicente 1
Taliwa 1
Tigbawan I 12
Tigbawan II 1
Timba 6
Corn Production Aurora 4 720,300.00
Cadaruhan 7
Cadaruhan Sur 2
Caraatan 2
Fatima 1
Guinabonan 12
Kausawagan 7
Mahayahay 6
Maningning 7
New Katipunan 5
Pancil 2
San Isidro San Isidro Farmers Association (SIFA) 11
6
San Vicente 3
Sto. Niño 1
Tigbawan I 1
Tigbawan II 28
Cassava Production Abgao 1 563,000.00
Aurora 1
Cadaruhan Sur 2
Caraatan 1
Fatima 5
San Jose 1
Sangahon 4
Sta. Cruz 5
Juangon Asosasyon ng Kababaihan at Kalalakihan Samahan ng Juangon (AKKSJ) 11
Swine Fattening Asuncion 15 3,422,520.00
Benit 7
Candatag 19
Cantamuac 18
Concepcion 16
Pasil 8
San Jose 5
San Roque 2
TOTAL 374 5,151,220.00
PINTUYAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Catbawan 16 3,422,520.00
Manglit 29
Nueva Estrella Norte 19
Estrella Sur 26
TOTAL 90 3,422,520.00
SAN FRANCISCO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Rice Production Bongbong 3 202,400.00
Cahayag 15
Central 12
Gabi 32
Habay 23
Sta. Cruz 11
Tinaan 24
Ubos 5
Swine Production Bongawisan 17 1,667,400.00
Malico 16
TOTAL 158 1,869,800.00
SOGOD
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Cabadbaran 7 676,000.00
Kanangkaan 8
Mabicay 24
San Vicente 7
Corn Production Cabadbaran 17 381,000.00
Mabicay Mabicay Ime Guapas Women’s Association 14
Rice Production Consolacion 2 202,400.00
Javier 7
Mac 2
Mahayahay 61
Malinao 2
Salvacion 10
Swine Fattening Buac-Gamay 5 1,521,120.00
Conception 2
Dagsa 5
Mabicay 1
Milagroso 1
Pandan 5
San Jose 10
San Miguel 1
Tampoong 10
Swine Production Buac-Gamay 3 555,800.00
Conception 1
Mac 2
San Jose 3
San Miguel 2
TOTAL 212 3,336,320.00
ST. BERNARD
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Rice Production Atuyan 10 708,400.00
Ayahag 18
Bantawon 1
Bolodbolod 18
Cabagawan 18
Carnaga 11
Catmon 20
Guinsaugon 10
Himbangan 7
Himos-onan 9
Hinabian 7
Libas 1
Magatas 3
Mahayag 13
Mahayahay 12
Nueva Esperanza 1
Panian 6
San Isidro 10
Sug-angon 5
Tabontabon 8
Tambis I 21
Tambis II 14
TOTAL 223 708,400.00
TOMAS OPPUS
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Anahawan 2 563,000.00
Cawayan 1
Hinapo 4
Maanyag Maanyag Farmers Association 48
9
Maslog 1
San Isidro 3
Corn Production Anahawan 7 483,800.00
Banday 1
Biasong 3
Cambeti 1
Carnaga 2
Cawayan 4
Higosuan 9
Hinagtican 5
Hinapo 13
Hugpa 1
Iniguihan 1
Looc 1
Luan 3
Maanyag 7
Mapgap 11
Maslog 1
Punong 3
San Agustin 1
San Isidro 2
Tinago 5
Swine Production Bogo 2 1,667,400.00
Cambeti 2
Canlupao 1
Cawayan 1
Hinagtican 6
Mag-ata 3
San Agustin 4
San Antonio 11
Tinago 3
TOTAL 2,714,200.00 182

2019

BONTOC
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Talisay 2 55,380.00
Mahayahay 13
Corn Production Bunga Bunga Farmers Association 21 1,000,570.00
11
Divisoria 2
Himakilo 1
Hitawos 26
Mahayahay 7
Pamigsian 15
Poblacion 1
Poultry Production Dao Dao Integrated Farmers Association 13 954,500.00
11
Mauylab 2
Rice Production Cawayanan 22 632,608,00.00
Esperanza 20
Guinsangaan 10
San Ramon 25
Talisay Talisay Integrated Farmers Association 15
Taytagan 5
Union 32
TOTAL 254 2,010,450.00
LIBANGON
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Poultry Production Biasong 1 1,705,840.00
Bugasong 1
Nahulid 1
Otikon Otikon United Farmers Small Water Impounding System Association Inc. 23
6
Pangi United Farmers Association of Pangi (UNIFAP) 32
1
Talisay 1
Tigbao Tigbao Libagon Irrigators Association Inc. 25
12
Rice Production Bugasong 9 202,840.00
Mayuga 3
Nahaong 4
Nahulid Nahulid Farmers Irrigators Association Inc. 25
9
Otikon 11
Tigbao 7
Swine Fattening Bugasong 5 378,000.00
Nahulid 2
Talisay 1
Tigbao 1
Swine Production Biasong 1 652,800.00
Bugasong 1
Jubas 1
Nahaong 1
Nahulid 2
Otikon 2
Tigbao 4
TOTAL 192 2,939,480.00
LILOAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production San Roque 19 714,185.00
Fatima Fatima Farmers Association 25
Poultry Production Fatima Fatima Farmers Association 25 240,288.00
12
Swine Fattening Fatima 6 378,000.00
Guintoylan 1
Malangza 2
TOTAL 90 1,332,473.00
MALITBOG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Abago 1 55,380.00
Cadaruhan Sur 1
Fatima 5
San Jose 1
Sangahon 4
Sta. Cruz 3
Corn Production Aurora 4 991,650.00
Cadaruhan 7
Cadaruhan Sur 2
Caraatan 1
Fatima 1
Guinabonan 11
Kauswagan 7
Mahayahay 6
Maningning 7
New Katipunan New Katipunan Farmers Developers Assocation (NEKAFADA) 28
5
Pancil 2
San Isidro 6
San Vicente 3
Sto. Niño 1
Tigbawan I 1
Tigbawan II 29
Poultry Production Caraatan Malitbog Upland Developers Sustainable Assocation (MUDSA) 25 1,735,888.00
25
Juangon Asosasyon ng Kababaihan at Kalalakihan Samahan ng Juangon (AKKSJ) 11
Rice Production Aurora 12 458,872.00
Cadaruhan 3
Cadaruhan Sur 5
Caraatan 4
Guinabonan Guinabonan Farmers Association Development (GFAD) 32
10
Kauswagan 5
New Katipunan 18
Pasil 3
Sabang 2
San Jose 2
Taliwa 1
Tigbawan I 10
Timba 6
Swine Fattening Asuncion 8 378,000.00
Benit 1
TOTAL 319 3,619,790.00
PINTUYAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Cogon 9 378,000.00
TOTAL 9 378,000.00
SAN FRANCISCO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Poultry Production Gabi Gabi Farmers Association 25 1,735,888.00
17
Central Central Farmers Association 25
7
Habay 1
Rice Production Bongbong 3 202,840.00
Cahayag Cahayag Farmers Association 25
15
Gabi 1
Habay 19
Sta. Cruz 11
Ubos 4
Swine Production Sudmon 6 652,800.00
Napantao 6
TOTAL 165 2,591,528.00
SOGOD
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Cabadbaran 5 732,645.00
Kanangkaan 7
Mabicay Mabicay Ime Guapas Women’s Association 14
23
Corn Production Cabadbaran 5 89,200.00
Buac-gamay 8
Poultry Production Consolacion 3 1,009,340.00
Mabicay 2
Mahayahay MAGAPSO Mahayahay Irrigators Association 20
5
Rizal 2
Salvacion 1
San Vicente 7
Rice Production Javier 7 182,880.00
Mac 1
Mahayahay 49
Malinao 3
Salvacion 7
Swine Fattening Dagsa 3 168,000.00
San Jose 1
Swine Production Mabicay 217,600.00
TOTAL 173 2,399,665.00
ST. BERNARD
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Poultry Production Bolodbolod Bolodbolod Mahayahay San Isidro Irrigators Association (BOMASA) 25 1,894,888.00
8
Himos-onan Himos-onan Irrigators Association 30
6
Libas 1
Magatas 1
Panian 4
San Isidro 2
Tabontabon Tabontabon Farmers Association (TAFA) 25
8
Rice Production Atuyan 6 705,760.00
Ayahag 13
Bolodbolod 7
Cabagawan 18
Carnaga 10
Catmon 13
Guinsaugon 10
Himbangan 7
Mahayag 2
Mahayahay 14
St. Cruz Sta. Cruz Rice Farmers Association 25
Sug-angon 5
Tambis I 2
TOTAL 242 2,600,648.00
TOMAS OPPUS
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Cassava Production Cambeti 1 55,380.00
Cawayan 7
Maanyag 1
San Agustin 1
San Antonio 3
San Isidro 1
Tinago 1
Corn Production Anahawan 8 330,040.00
Banday 1
Biasong 1
Cambeti 1
Cawayan 1
Higosuan 5
Hinagtican 1
Hinapo 9
Iniguihan 1
Luan 1
Maanyag 11
Mag-ata 3
Mapgap 4
San Agustin 3
Tinago 5
Poultry Production Cawayan Cawayan Farmers Association 12 240,288.00
12
Swine Production San Isidro 1 652,800.00
Cabascan 10
Iniguihan 1
TOTAL 106 1,278,508.00

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President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Republic of the Philippines

William D. Dar, Ph. D.
Secretary, Department of Agriculture

Myer G. Mula, Ph. D.
Program Director

                  

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