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Leyte

LEGENDS
rice Rice Production
corn Corn Production
vegetable Vegetable Production
swine Swine Production

The province of Leyte is one of the six provinces of Eastern Visayas Region located in Central Philippines adjacent to Cebu which ranks eight in size among larger islands in the Philippine Archipelago. It lies adjacent to the island of Samar, connected by the San Juanico Strait, and east of the islands of Cebu and Bohol. It is bounded in the north by the Carigara Bay and in the east by the Leyte Gulf. To the west is the Camotes Sea, while the province of Southern Leyte lies south. It is the largest and the oldest province in the Eastern Visayas region comprising approximately 27% or 571,276 hectares of the region’s total land area of 2,143,169 hectare (DENR RFO VIII, 2016). It is composed of forty (40) municipalities and two cities, Ormoc and Baybay, which serve as its commercial centers. It has five (5) congressional districts and has a total of 1,503 barangays.

The terrain of the province is relatively flat to gently rolling and becoming mountainous and rough towards the center where a mountain range begins. This cordillera divides the province into its eastern and western plains. Peaks of approximately 2,295 to 3,280 feet high extend from north to south. The first category is 0 to 3% slope of flatlands covering an area of 173,801 hectares or 30.4% of the total land area. These areas are considered as irrigable and highly suitable for agriculture, urban and industrial uses. The 3% to 8% slope is characterized as gently sloping to undulating and suitable for agricultural and non-agricultural uses. This covers 46,722 hectares or 8.2% of the total land area. The slope between 8% and 18% has a wide variety of uses and suitable areas for planting seasonal and permanent crops. Hilly to mountainous areas which are categorically within the 18% to 30% slope comprise a total land area of 163,220 hectares or 28.6%.  Around 30% to 50% slope category is classified as moderately steep to very steep which covers 84,623 hectares or 14.8%.  Slope above 50% covering 30,707 hectares is characterized as very steep to extremely rough mountainous areas equivalent to 5.4%.

Leyte has two types of climate. The eastern part has Type II climate characterized by very pronounced rainfall from November to January.  The western portion has Type IV climate with rainfall that is more or less distributed throughout the year.  Leyte Gulf is affected by both the SE and NE monsoons.  As a result, there are no pronounced wet and dry seasons.  The NE monsoons nevertheless have a greater effect bringing slightly more rainfall during the months of November, December and January.  Compared with other provinces of the country, Leyte has an even and moderate temperature with an average annual maximum of 30°C, minimum of 24°C and an average of 27.3°C.

Agricultural areas in Eastern Visayas total 976,385 ha in which 34% of this or 332,018 ha constitutes for the agricultural land of the province of Leyte. Of the provinces in the region, it also has the largest croplands, its area planted to crops totaling 322,252 ha or 97% of its total agricultural lands.   Leyte also has the most extensive ricelands, which measure 84,277 ha.

On the 2018 PSA Report, the major crops of the province include rice, coconut, and corn. With the volume of production of 486, 878 MT, 94,475 MT, and 48,300 MT, respectively.

For the poultry sector, the province’s focus is on the production of native/improved chicken and duck. On the other hand, for the livestock sector, the province’s focus is on swine and carabao production. The PSA recorded that the province has produced 55,368 heads of chicken, 677 heads of duck, 51,174 heads of swine, and 5,699 heads of carabao for the year 2019.

The province has 4 major fishing grounds, namely: Carigara Bay, Leyte Gulf, San Pedro Bay, Camotes Sea, Ormoc Bay, Danajon Bank, and Visayan Sea. Fishing at the eastern side of the province, that is the municipalities facing Leyte Gulf and San Pedro Bay, is highly seasonal being lean during Southwest Monsoon (April-October) and peak during Northeast Monsoon (November-March). On the other hand, municipalities in Carigara Bay experience lean fishing season during Northeast Monsoon and peak fishing season during Southwest Monsoon.

In the 4th quarter of 2019, the biggest contributor in terms of volume of production is aquaculture at 8,331 metric tons, followed by municipal at 4,476, and last is commercial at 187.

The major species are milkfish, tilapia, seaweeds, shellfish, shrimp, sardines, yellow stripe scad, mackerel, crabs, and flying fish.

Source: PSA, 2019

Leyte is included in the list of the poorest provinces in the Philippines with 31.4% poverty incidence among families in 2012 (128,273 no. of families). A noticeable decrease in the poverty incidence was seen for the year 2015 with a rate of 23.6% or about 111,394 families. This has been the highest decrease the province has ever experienced since 2006. Leyte was one of the most affected areas by the super typhoon Yolanda that struck on November 8, 2013. Many livelihoods in the locals have been damaged. The province recorded an annual poverty threshold for the year 2015 at Php 20,807.

The 2015 PSA report also showed that the municipality of Leyte, recorded the highest poverty incidence rate at 47.1% and the City of Tacloban to have the lowest poverty incidence rate at 21.5%.

In terms of the poverty situation in Leyte, the municipality of Leyte has the highest poverty incidence at 47.1% while the city of Tacloban has the lowest at 21.5%.

Agriculture Sector

In 2018, the provinces of Leyte and Southern Leyte were added to five existing provinces under the region that are covered by the Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) Program of the DA. Livelihood production such as, rice production, corn production, vegetable production, swine production and swine fattening were given to farmer individuals and associations for the years 2018-2019.

2018

ALANG-ALANG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Lukay Lukay Farmers Association 17 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Lourdes Lourdes Farmers Association 18 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Bugho Bugho Small Farmers Association 24 141,462.00
TOTAL 59 424,386.00
BURAUEN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Villa Aurora Multi-Inter Compact Integrated Farming of Villa Aurora Farmers Association 26 395,700.00
5
Corn Production Calsadahay 2
Corn Production Limburan 2
Corn Production Balao 2
Corn Production Pawa 1
TOTAL 38 395,700.00
CALUBIAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Kawayan Bugtong Kawayan Bugtong United Farmers Association 23 395,700.00
20
Swine Fattening Malobago 25 1,186,607.14
Vegetable Production Patag Patag Agri-Farmers Association 18 141,462.00
TOTAL 68 1,723,769.14
CAPOOCAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Balugo 21 1,186,607.14
Vegetable Production Cabul-an Dapdap Badiang Farmers and Fisherfolks Association 36 141,462.00
Swine  Production Cabul-an 11 591,391.76
Corn Production Sto. Niño Sto. Niño Vegetable and Corn Farmers Association 18 395,700.00
15
Vegetable Production Visares Association of Informal Workers of Visares 25 141,462.00
TOTAL 126 2,456,622.90
DAGAMI
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Capulhan Capulhan Upland Farmers Association 20 395,700.00
17
Corn Production Abre 11
Swine Fattening Poponton 26 1,186,607.14
Vegetable Production Caluctogan Caluctogan Farmers Association 39 141,462.00
Swine  Production Hiabangan 11 591,391.76
Swine  Production Katipunan 11 591,391.76
TOTAL 135 2,906,552.66
JULITA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production San Andres Brgy San Andres and Brgy Caridad Integrated Farmers Association 28 395,700.00
3
Corn Production Caridad 27
TOTAL 58 395,700.00
LA PAZ
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Duyog Duyog Vegetable Farmers Association 34 141,462.00
Swine  Production San Victoray 11         591,391.76
Swine  Production Tarugan 11         591,391.76
Swine Fattening Bagakay West 28 1,186,607.14
Swine Fattening Bocawon 31 1,186,607.14
TOTAL 115 3,697,459.80
LEYTE
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine  Production Mataloto 11 591,391.76
Swine  Production Tapol 11 591,391.76
Corn Production Tag-abaca Tag-abaca Hillside Farmers Association 21 395,700.00
12
Vegetable Production Wague Barangay Wague Farmers Association 44 141,462.00
TOTAL 99 1,719,945.52
MATAG-OB
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Cansoso Cansoso Livelihood Association of Workers 23 141,462.00
Corn Production Naulayan Naulayan Integrated Farmers Association 41 395,700.00
29
Swine Fattening San Vicente 31 1,186,607.14
Vegetable Production Sta. Rosa Sta. Rosa Farmers Association 50 141,462.00
Swine  Production Sta. Rosa 11 591,391.76
TOTAL 185 2,456,622.90
PASTRANA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Halaba Halaba Farmers Association 20 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Lima Sagana Farmers Association 29 141,462.00
Swine  Production Colawen 11 591,391.76
Swine  Production Aringit 11 591,391.76
Swine  Production Capilla 11 591,391.76
Swine  Production Malitbogay 11 591,391.76
Swine Fattening Patong 31 1,186,607.14
TOTAL 124 3,835,098.18
SAN ISIDRO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Basud Basud Farmers Association 94 395,700.00
12
Vegetable Production Bunacan Bunacan Vegetable Farmers Association 29 141,462.00
Vegetable Production & Swine Production Capiñahan Sitio Duka-Kwatro Farmers Association 26 732,853.76
11
Swine Fattening Taglawigan 31 1,186,607.14
TOTAL 203 2,456,622.90
SAN MIGUEL
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Patong Patong Farmers Association 24 395,700.00
24
TOTAL 48 395,700.00
STA. FE
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production San Isidro These Abled Person Tiera Ezperanza Farmers Association 24 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Bulod Bulod Integrated Farmers Association 20 141,462.00
TOTAL 44 282,924.00
TABANGO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Butason 1 Butason 1Farmers Association 24 2,386,607.14
30
Swine Production Butason 1 11 591,391.76
Corn Production Butason II Integrated Farmers Association of Butason 2 23 395,700.00
11
Swine Production Sta Rosa 11 591,391.76
Swine Production Campokpok 11 591,391.76
Swine Fattening Omaganhan 31 1,186,607.14
TOTAL 152 5,743,089.56
VILLABA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening A Tumamak 31 1,186,607.14
Vegetable Production A. Tumamak Cabunga-an Integrated Farmers Association 31 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Abijao Abijao Farmers Association 26 141,462.00
Vegetable Production Cagnocot Samahan ng Munting Magsasaka ng Cognocot Farmers Association 21 141,462.00
Swine  Production Cagnocot 11 591,391.76
Swine Fattening Catagbakan 31 1,186,607.14
Swine Fattening Iligay 31 1,186,607.14
Swine Fattening Tinghub 31 1,186,607.14
TOTAL 213 5,762,206.32

2019

ALANG-ALANG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Lukay Lukay Farmers Association 17 283,151.50
Vegetable Production Lourdes Lourdes Farmers Association 18 283,151.50
Vegetable Production Bugho Bugho Small Farmers Association 24 283,151.50
TOTAL 59 849,454.50
BARAUEN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Villa Aurora 5 329,764.00
Corn Production Calsadahay 5
Corn Production Limburan 2
Corn Production Baloao 2
Corn Production Pawa 1
TOTAL 15 329,764.00
CALUBIAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Kawayan Bugtong 20 329,764.00
Swine Fattening Malobago 25 679,688.57
Vegetable Production Patag Patag Agri-Farmers Association 18 283,151.50
Rice Production Laray 35 773,618.50
Rice Production Hda Enage 10
Rice Production Villalon 19
TOTAL 127 2,066,222.57
CAPOOCAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Balugo 21 679,688.57
Vegetable Production Cabul-an Dapdap Badiang Farmers and Fisherfolks Association 36 283,151.50
Swine  Production Cabul-an 11 107,856.94
Corn Production Sto. Niño 15 329,764.00
Vegetable Production Visares Association of Informal Workers of Visares 25 283,151.50
Rice Production Lemon 46 422,935.00
TOTAL 154 2,106,547.51
DAGAMI
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Capulhan 17 329,764.00
Corn Production Abre 11
Swine Fattening Poponton 26         679,688.57
Vegetable Production Caluctogan Caluctogan Farmers Association 39 283,151.50
Swine  Production Hiabangan 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Katipunan 11 107,856.94
TOTAL 115 1,508,317.95
JULITA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production San Andres 3 329,764.00
Corn Production Caridad 27
Rice Production Sto. Niño 48 562,151.00
TOTAL 78 891,915.00
LA PAZ
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Duyog Duyog Vegetable Farmers Association 34 283,151.50
Swine  Production San Victoray 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Tarugan 11 107,856.94
Swine Fattening Bagakay West 28 679,688.57
Swine Fattening Bocawon 31 679,688.57
Rice Production Duyog 20 422,935.00
Rice Production Gimiranat East 20
TOTAL 155 2,281,177.52
LEYTE
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine  Production Mataloto 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Tapol 11 107,856.94
Corn Production Tag-abaca 12 329,764.00
Vegetable Production Wague Barangay Wague Farmers Association 44 283,151.50
TOTAL 34 828,629.38
MATAG-OB
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Cansoso Cansoso Livelihood Association of Workers 23 283,151.50
Corn Production Naulayan 29 329,764.00
Swine Fattening San Vicente 31 679,688.57
Vegetable Production Sta. Rosa Sta. Rosa Farmers Association 50 283,151.50
Swine  Production Sta. Rosa 11 107,856.94
Rice Production Imelda 19         509,284.13
Rice Production Cansoso 14
TOTAL 177 2,192,896.64
PASTRANA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production Halaba Halaba Farmers Association 20 283,151.50
Vegetable Production Lima Sagana Farmers Association 29 283,151.50
Swine  Production Colawen 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Aringit 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Capilla 11 107,856.94
Swine  Production Malitbogay 11 107,856.94
Swine Fattening Patong 31         679,688.57
TOTAL 124 1,677,419.33
SAN ISIDRO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Basud 12 329,764.00
Vegetable Production Bunacan Bunacan Vegetable Farmers Association 29 283,151.50
Vegetable Production & Swine Production Capiñahan Sitio Duka-Kwatro Farmers Association 26 391,008.44
11
Swine Fattening Taglawigan 31 679,688.57
Rice Production Banat-I 28 634,402.50
TOTAL 137 2,318,015.01
SAN MIGUEL
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Corn Production Patong 24 329,764.00
Rice Production Impo 33 509,284.13
TOTAL 57 839,048.13
STA. FE
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Vegetable Production San Isidro These Abled Person Tiera Ezperanza Farmers Association 24 283,151.50
Vegetable Production Bulod Bulod Integrated Farmers Association 20 283,151.50
TOTAL 44 566,303.00
TABANGO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening Butason 1  Butason 1Farmers Association 24 679,688.57
Swine Production Butason 1 11 107,856.94
Corn Production Butason II 11 329,764.00
Swine Production Sta Rosa 11 107,856.94
Swine Production Campokpok 11 107,856.94
Swine Fattening Omaganhan 31 679,688.57
Rice Production Butason II 12 475,801.88
Rice Production Campokpok 17
Rice Production Gimarco 11
TOTAL 139 2,488,513.84
VILLABA
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Swine Fattening A Tumamak 31 679,688.57
Vegetable Production Abijao  Abijao Farmers Association 26 283,151.50
Vegetable Production A Tumamak  Cabunga-an Integrated Farmers Association 31 283,151.50
Vegetable Production Cagnocot  Samahan ng Munting Magsasaka ng Cognocot Farmers Association 21 283,151.50
Swine Production Cagnocot 11 107,856.94
Swine Fattening Catagbakan 31 679,688.57
Swine Fattening Iligay 31 679,688.57
Swine Fattening Tinghub 31 679,688.57
Rice Production New Balanac 31 615,017.88
Rice Production Cagnocot 15
TOTAL 259 4,291,083.60

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President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Republic of the Philippines

William D. Dar, Ph. D.
Secretary, Department of Agriculture

Myer G. Mula, Ph. D.
Program Director

                  

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