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Mountain Province

swine Swine Production
chicken Free Range Chicken Production
cattle Cattle Production
eggs Brown / Quail / Table Eggs Production
Lemon Lemon Production
banana Banana Production
rambutan Rambutan / Fruit Trees Production
mango Mango Production
vegetable Vegetable Production
tigergrass Tiger Grass Production
legumes Legumes Production
muscovado Muscovado Production

Mountain Province is a landlocked province in Cordillera. It is bounded in the North by Kalinga and Abra, east by Isabela and Ifugao, south by Ifugao and Benguet, and west by Ilocos Sur. It has a total land area of 2,157.38 square kilometers. It is known for its hilly land and deep narrow gorge with steep sides. Stones are visible along river banks, waterfalls, narrow valleys, and caves. The angle of elevation went as high as 2,714 meters to the top of the mountain.

The province is a lone district comprised of 10 municipalities and 144 barangays. The municipalities are Sadanga, Natonin, Paracelis, Barlig, Bontoc, Besao, Sagada, Bauko, Tadian, and Sabangan. Its capital is Bontoc.

Mountain Province produced 10,712.6 MT of crops during first semester of 2018 This was 4.6% of the regional crop production. The province’s crop production increased by 2.5% (259.0 MT) compared to the 10,453.6 MT during the first semester of 2017.

The top three crops produced by the province were white potato with 28.9% or 3,101.1 MT, followed by cabbage with 24.4% or 2,610.6 MT, and carrots with 8.3% or 893.1 MT.

Mountain Province was the second top producer of the region for the following crops: white potato with 9.8% of the regional white potato production, cabbage with 6.25% and carrots with 4.6% (PSA, 2018).

Paracelis and Bauko are the two top commercial producers of crops in the province. Bauko produces 47,796 MT of highland vegetables and Paracelis produces 33,109 MT of rice and corn. A total 80,905 MT of major crops can be produced by the two municipalities and rest were produced by the eight municipalities.

The cool climate in the western municipalities of the province is an advantage in the production of highland vegetables over the lowland provinces. In like manner, Paracelis is also appropriate in the production of corn that supplies feed mills in Cagayan Valley.

For highland vegetable production in Bauko and some parts of the western municipalities, the market outlets are Baguio City and Santiago City in Isabela. The inputs for commercial fertilizers and pesticides, likewise, are imported from these markets outlets for those who can afford. But for some farmers, the needed inputs are provided by middlemen who buy the produce during harvest and subtracting the cost of fertilizers and other incidental expenses. This scheme makes the farmer vulnerable to the dictates of middlemen.

For rice and corn produced in Paracelis, these are marketed to Santiago City since the city is the nearest market outlet in the municipality. The same pattern is observed for some farmers who depend on the middlemen for the cost of fertilizers and paying them from the produce afterwards.

These are the factors that despite the province’s comparative advantages as a vegetable producer due to its cool climate, most farmers remain poor and live at subsistence level.

On livestock production(which include cattle, swine, and free-range chicken), Paracelis produced the highest number of 2,199.12 MT of livestock followed by Bontoc (1,246.17 MT) and the least producer is Barlig (132.82 MT). Livestock are marketed within the province and outside like Buguias and Mankayan in Benguet. Minimal fish production is observed in all the municipalities considering that these areas are raised in rice paddies, small number of fishponds and along rivers or streams. 

According to the locals, fish production is an old farming practice in the province mainly for family consumption. However, during that time, fisherfolk don’t follow specific technologies for their fish culture, thus production was low. Through the initiatives of DA-BFAR and other partners in implementation, they were able to access new technologies for fish production and were able to improve their harvests. 

To date, the province has a total of 3,816 registered fisherfolk engaged in aquaculture, inland capture, post-harvest and marketing, and other fishery related activities. Based on the latest inventory of BFAR CAR, Mt. Province has 20 hectares productive areas for fish pond and 0.13 hectares for fish cage. Fishery programs and projects being implemented in the province include fish culture in ponds, cages, rice paddies, and tanks, and fish hatcheries within the province support the production of fingerlings for grow out.

Moreover, several communal bodies of water are found suited for stocking of fingerlings which are lakes, rivers, and streams. The said bodies of water have an area of 3,000.585 hectares and with approximately 39.545 metric tons of total production if developed. Interventions for sustainable inland fisheries include stock enhancement and assessment, provision of environment friendly fishing gears among others.

Major aquaculture commodities are tilapia, catfish, carp, freshwater prawn and loach while species such as tilapia, carps, eel, loach, freshwater prawn, ayungin and others common in inland capture fisheries. In 2019, the province had a total production of 15.4MT from aquaculture and inland fisheries respectively. Considering the 26kg/annum per capita consumption of fish and the total number of fish eating population, the fish sufficiency level had only reached 0.48%. Thus, the province depends on outside sources to provide for the remaining fish requirement (PSA, 2019).

Most of the provinces in CAR has decreased its poverty rate (poverty incidence among families). Mountain Province in 2015 has 33.1% rate of its poverty incidence among families. Now, in the latest data of PSA 2018, the province has only 17.2%. However, in CAR, 17.2% is the highest poverty incidence among families.

Mountain Province had the highest poverty threshold among the provinces in CAR with Php 27,726 per capita per annum for 2018 (this poverty threshold is above the CAR poverty threshold by 11.5%). This translates to a minimum of Php 11,552 monthly take home income for a family of five to meet both basic food and non-food needs and be considered not poor in 2018.

Mountain Province recorded a percentage change of 13.0 frmo Php 24,536 per capita per annum in 2015.

The province also had the highest food threshold with Php 19,373 per capita per annum.

Agricultural Sector

For 2019, Mountain Province was included in the DA-SAAD Program. It has a total budget of Php 47,260,000 for 15 projects implemented benefiting 860 individuals and four (4) groups.


Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Integrated Farming on Swine, Lemon, and Vegetables Production Latang Latang Association for Agricultural Development 60 4,387,550.00
TOTAL 60 4,387,550.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Brown Egg & Vegetables Production Leseb 125 5,010,900.00
TOTAL 125 5,010,900.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Integrated Farming on Swine and Rambutan Production Catengan Catengan-Bunga Farmer’s Rise Up Association 60 4,998,750.00
TOTAL 60 4,998,750.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Quail Egg and Banana Production Dalican 20 1,403,100.00
Table Egg and Banana Production Dalican 50 3,245,100.00
TOTAL 70 4,648,200.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Tiger Grass Production Pudo 110 1,243,000.00
Swamp Gabi Production Pudo 40 2,448,000.00
TOTAL 150 3,691,000.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Fruit Trees Production intercrop with soybean Bunot Bunot Integrated Agricultural Development Farmer’s Association 190 5,687,800.00
TOTAL 190 5,687,800.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Swine and Vegetable Production Napua 30 4,672,250.00
TOTAL 30 4,672,250.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Legume, Swine and Free range chicken production Bekigan 50 2,206,750.00
TOTAL 50 2,206,750.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Swine and Rambutan Production Ankileng 30 4,879,250.00
TOTAL 30 4,879,250.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Cattle Production Mabalite 30 1,951,650.00
Muscovado Production Mabalite E-Mabalite Tadian Farmer’s Association Incorporation 25 697,500.00
Mango Production Mabalite 20 175,000.00
Free range Chicken Production Mabalite 50 1,264,000.00
TOTAL 125 4,088,150.00

Fishery Sector

A total of Php15,000,000.00 funding was provided for the implementation of the SAAD Program in Mt. Provinces. Identification of potential beneficiaries was based on the fisherfolk registration (FishR) system of BFAR. They underwent social preparation activities to identify their fishery related needs and preferred fishery livelihood projects. Selected beneficiaries were grouped according to livelihood projects and were provided with the necessary capacity building activities. Distribution of aqua inputs followed upon completion of the pond preparation protocols required.

In 2019, a total of 2,569 individual fisherfolk received various livelihood projects such as tilapia culture in ponds and rice paddies. Capture fishers received a set of fishing gears inclusive of fish traps, gillnets and cast nets. 


Projects Implemented Municipalities Covered Number of
Aqua(polyculture in ponds) Barlig, Bauko, Besao, Bontoc, Natonin, Paracelis, Sabangan, Sadanga, Sagada, Tadian 884 5,369,400
Aqua(rice-fish culture) Barlig, Bauko, Besao, Bontoc, Natonin, Paracelis, Sabangan, Sadanga, Sagada, Tadian 1,451 6,433,000
Aqua (loach culture) Barlig, Bauko, Besao, Bontoc, Natonin, Sabangan, Sadanga, Sagada, Tadian 29 197,600
Capture(set of fishing gears) Barlig, Bauko, Besao, Bontoc, Natonin, Paracelis, Sabangan, Sadanga, Sagada, Tadian 184 1,000,000
TOTAL 1,359 13,000,000

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72 cattle granted to Mountain Province farmer-beneficiaries

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE, July 9, 2020 – Seventy–two (72) head of cattle were distributed to the beneficiaries of six municipalities of Mountain Province namely: Sadanga with 28 beneficiaries, Sagada with five (5), Bauko with seven (7), Besao with five (5), Tadian…

Mountain Province 586 fisherfolks received 300,000 tilapia fingerlings

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE, May 12-15, 2020 – The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) Program of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) – CAR distributed in the province 300,000 tilapia fingerlings and 16 metric tons (640 bags) of feeds amounting…

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Fisherfolk in Cordillera harvest 5.09 MT tilapia

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SAAD turns over etag chamber and compost shed to Mt. Province farmers association

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE, January 22, 2020 – The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) Program in Mountain Province turns over etag chamber in Ankileng, Sagada and compost shed in Catengan, Besao. An Igorot food delicacy, etag, is cured and aged small…

DA-SAAD CAR conducts 4th Quarter Regional Assessment

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SAAD CAR conducts Provincial Orientation in Mountain Province

MOUNTAIN PROVINCE—The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) Program of the Department of Agriculture (DA) held a Provincial Orientation at Archog Hotel, Samoki, Bontoc, Mountain Province on 27 November 2018. They were joined by Gov. Bonifacio C. Lacwasan Jr.; Agricultural…

SAAD covers three provinces in the Cordillera Administrative Region for 2019-2022

BAGUIO CITY - The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) National Program Management Office (NPMO) conducted a Consultative Meeting for multi-year plan (FY 2019-2022) crafting for the provinces of Apayao, Mountain Province, and Kalinga in Baguio City on 2-6 July…

SAAD includes Mountain Province as one of its new provinces for 2019

BONTOC, MOUNTAIN PROVINCE, PHILIPPINES—The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) conducted a consultation meeting attended by the representatives of the Municipal Local Government Units (MLGUs). The activity was held in Archog Hotel and Restaurant, Bontoc, Mountain Province on the 29th of…

SAAD CAR provinces gear up to carry out 2019 plans

CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION (CAR), PHILIPPINES — The Special Area for Agricultural Development (SAAD) National Program Management Office (NPMO) led by its Program Director Bernadette F. San Juan (Dir. SJ) along with the SAAD-CAR team continued with the outputs that were brainstormed from the…

SAAD conducts planning workshop for Apayao, Mt. Province, and Kalinga

BAGUIO CITY, PHILIPPINES — The Department of Agriculture-Special Area for Agricultural Development (DA-SAAD) Program conducted an initial planning workshop on January 10-12, 2018 that will pave the way for the crafting of SAAD 2019-2022 plans for Apayao, together with two…

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Republic of the Philippines

William D. Dar, Ph. D.
Secretary, Department of Agriculture

Myer G. Mula, Ph. D.
Program Director


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