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ginger Ginger / Turmeric Production
swine Swine / Native Pig Production
chicken Free Range Chicken
banana Banana Production
pineapple Pineapple Production
calamansi Calamansi Production
gabi Gabi Production
aqua Aqua

Kalinga is derived from the Ibanag and Gaddang noun “kalinga” which means “enemy”,”fighter”, or “headtaker.”

It is a loandlocked province in the Philippines situated within the Cordillera. Its capital is Tabuk City and borders Mountain Province to the south, Abra to the west, Isabela to the east, Cagayan to the northeast, and Apayao to the north. Kalinga and Apayao are the result of the 1995 partitioning of the former province of Kalinga-Apayao which was seen to better service the respective needs of the various indigenous peoples in the area.

The province covers a total area of 3,231.5 square kilometers occupying the central section of the CAR region. Its topography is rugged and sloping, with mountain peaks ranging from 1,500 to 2,500 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.). The province’ western side is characterized by sharp, crested, interlinking peaks of steep slopes, isolate flatlands, plateaus and valleys. The eastern lands are mainly of rolling and gradually sloping foothills.

Kalinga produced a total of 30,986.2 MT of crops during the first semester of 2018. Production increased by 21% or 5,371.2 MT compared with the 25,615.0 MT crop production of the province in same period in 2017.

The top three crops produced by the province were sugarcane with 28,107.0 MT or 90.7% contribution to the total production of the province, followed by banana with 2.9% or 888.5 MT and coffee with 2.6% or 801.2 MT.

Kalinga was the top producer of the region in sugarcane with 97.6% of the total regional sugarcane production.

The province has eight (8) rivers which abounds with freshwater fish species. These are Chico, Tanudan, Biga, Pasil, Tabia, Saltan, Cal-owan, and Mallig. Chico River is the biggest. Total aquaculture area is approximately 70 hectares (BFAR CAR, 2019), tilapia as the major commodity being cultured.

According to the data released by PSA in 2019, Kalinga ranked 3rd among the six provinces in CAR with a contribution of 11.7% or 486.1MT out of the 4,157.6 MT fishery production in the region. Of this production, 154.7 MT came from inland fisheries while 331.4 MT were harvested from 43.2 hectares of aquafarm areas in the province.

Major aquaculture commodities include tilapia, carp and catfish. For inland capture fisheries, catch composition includes tilapia, carps, eel spp., catfish, goby spp. and other freshwater fish species (PSA, 2019).

In the data released by PSA for 2018, the province of Kalinga has decreased its poverty incidence among families from 34.5% in 2015 to 9.3%.

In CAR, Kalinga incurred the biggest reduction on poverty incidence among families with 25.2%; followed by Ifugao and Apayao with 25.1% and 22.1%, respectively.

The poverty threshold of the province in 2018 was estimated at Php 24,193 per capita per annum. This translates to a minimum of Php 10,080 monthly take-home income for a family of five to meet both basic food and non-food needs and be considered not poor in 2018.

Kalinga recorded a percentage change of 13.3 from Php 21,348 per capita per annum in 2015. The food threshold per capita per annum is Php 16,862.

Agriculture Sector

In 2019, the province of Kalinga was included in the DA-SAAD Program. The budget released was Php 39,481,000.00. It covers the crop diversification projects implemented in the province such as: banana, calamansi, pineapple, ginger, turmeric, swine, native pigs, and free-range chicken production where in 710 individual beneficiaries were benefited.


Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Integrated Ginger, Turmeric, Swine & Free Range Chicken Production in  Site 1 Maling 72 4,005,250.00
Integrated Banana, Ginger, Turmeric, Swine & Free Range Chicken Production in Site 2 Dao-angan 72 4,019,950.00
Integrated Ginger, Turmeric, Gabi, Native Pig & Free Range Chicken Production in Site 3 Balbalan Proper 107 5,438,600.00
TOTAL 251 13,463,800.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Integrated Banana, Calamansi, Pineapple, Ginger, Free range Chicken & Native Pig Production Pugong 96 11,684,250.00
Malucsad 68
Ableg 46
Cagaluan 10
TOTAL 220 11,684,250.00
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
Integrated Banana, Calamansi, Native Pig, & Free range Chicken Production in Tanudan Dupligan 112 12,972,450.00
Pangol 64
Mabaca 63
TOTAL 239 12,972,450.00

Fishery Sector

A total of 15,000,000.00 funding was provided for the implementation of the SAAD Program in Kalinga. The identification of potential beneficiaries was based on the fisherfolk registration (FishR) system of BFAR. They underwent social preparation activities to identify their fishery-related needs and preferred fishery livelihood projects. Selected beneficiaries were grouped according to livelihood projects and were provided with the necessary capacity building activities.  Distribution of aqua inputs followed upon completion of the pond preparation protocols required.

In 2019, a total of 1,378 individual fisherfolk and 6 fisherfolk organizations received various livelihood projects such as tilapia culture in ponds, cages and rice paddies. Capture fishers received a set of fishing gears inclusive of fish traps, gillnets and cast nets. 


Project Implemented Municipalities Covered Number of
Number of
Aqua (pond culture and rice-fish culture) Tinglayan,Lubuagan, Pasil, Balbalan, Tanudan, Pinukpuk, Rizal, Tabuk 1,128 11,505,000
Aqua (fish cage) Rizal, Pinukpuk, Tabuk, Tanudan 4 7 495,000
Capture Fishing Gears (set of fishing gears) Tinglayan,Lubuagan, Pasil, Balbalan, Tanudan, Pinukpuk, Rizal, Tabuk 227 1,000,000
TOTAL 1,359 7 13,000,000

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Second production of tilapia produce 152 kgs amid pandemic

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Kalinga beneficiary thanks SAAD for rice-fish system

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SAAD CAR provinces gear up to carry out 2019 plans

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BAGUIO CITY, PHILIPPINES — The Department of Agriculture-Special Area for Agricultural Development (DA-SAAD) Program conducted an initial planning workshop on January 10-12, 2018 that will pave the way for the crafting of SAAD 2019-2022 plans for Apayao, together with two…

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Republic of the Philippines

William D. Dar, Ph. D.
Secretary, Department of Agriculture

Myer G. Mula, Ph. D.
Program Director


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