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Sulu

LEGENDS
Eggs Production
Native Chicken Raising
Goat Raising
Cassava Farming
Corn Farming
Peanut Farming
Banana Demo Farm
Vegetable Production
Rice Demo Farm

Sulu is a province of the Philippines in the Sulu Archipelago and part of the BARMM. Its capital is Jolo, located on the island of the same name.

The province is along the southern border of the Sulu Sea and the northern boundary of the Celebes Sea.

Sulu’s total area is 167,376 hectares, with 824,731 household population based on the PSA 2015 and is 15th largest island of the Philippine Archipelago. It has four groups of islands and they are Jolo, Pangutaran, Tongkil-Banguingui (Samales), and Siasi-Tapul.

The province has 19 municipalities, subdivided into two districts. It has a total of 410 barangays.

According to the Sulu District Health Officer Dr. Sixto Y. Orosa, the climate of the province is mild and equable, and the nights are cool. The abundant rainfall is rather evenly distributed throughout the year. The rainiest months are October and November, and the driest are January, February, and March.

Although consisting of a mixed community of Muslims and Christians, the Tausug dominate the Sulu Archipelago. The Tausug were among the first Filipinos to embrace Islam as a religion and a way of life. They are also referred to as ‘people of the current,’ reflective of their close ties to the sea.

Sulu has an agricultural land of 94,500 hectares, wherein the municipality of Patikul has the most contribution with 15,750 hectares The province of Sulu is predominantly agricultural with farming and fishing as its main livelihood activities. Its fertile soil and ideal climate can grow a variety of crops and exotic fruits seldom found elsewhere in the country.

Based on the 2018 data of PSA, Coconut is the major crop of the province with a volume of production of 217286 metric tons for a harvested area of 69,000 ha giving an average yield of 3.15 MT per hectare. Following coconut as a major crop are cassava and banana.

For the poultry sector, the province’s focus is on the production of native/improved chicken. On the other hand, for the livestock sector, the province’s focus is on cattle production. The PSA recorded that the province has produced 943 heads of chicken, and 2,168 heads of cattle for the year 2019.

In terms of fisheries production, the province of Sulu posted an increase with a growth rate of 0.54 percent (2018 vs, 2019). Most of the fisheries products in the BARMM were produced in Tawi-Tawi and Sulu. Sulu contributed 34.95 percent to the total regional estimate in 2019.

Sulu also produces seaweeds, contributing 32.62% of the total seaweed production of BARMM in 2019.

Source: PSA, 2019

The Sulu province used to be one of the most prosperous in southern Philippines, however, due to conflicts, terrorism, and the establishment of jihadists groups such as the Abu Sayyaf, the province’s economy has suffered badly and has been reduced to its current state.

According to the 2015 data of the PSA, the province of Sulu is the second poorest province in the Philippine. From 40.2% poverty incidence among families in 2012, it rose by 9.4%, making it 49.6% in 2015.

Based on the 2015 POPCEN of PSA, the province has a total population of 824,731 people. Results from the assessment conducted by the DSWD in 2015 showed that there were 138,407 identified poor households (743,161 poor individuals) in the province.

The annual poverty threshold in Sulu is at P20,778 while the annual food threshold is at P14,512.  

In terms of the poverty situation in Sulu, the municipality of New Panamao has the highest poverty incidence at 62.8% while the municipality of Patikul has the lowest at 40.2%.

Agriculture Sector

Even though the province is under the BARMM, the DA-RFO IX was tasked to implement the SAAD Program in Sulu.

SAAD selected a total of 531 farmers from the municipalities of Maimbung, Panamao, Parang, and Talipao as beneficiaries in 2018. The total allocated GAA budget is Php 17.1 million.

Due to undelivered 40 modules of egg machine in three municipalities (20 modules for Luuk, 10 modules for Panamao, and 10 modules for Indanan) there are still 120 target that did not benefited from the program.

Considering the security of many municipalities in the province, only four mainland municipalities were selected. These municipalities were among the poorest municipalities of the province based on the 2015 data of PSA.

Each covered municipality will receive assistance on integrated cassava, corn and peanut production, integrated backyard fruit and vegetable production, layer chicken egg production, goat production, and native chicken production. Below are the reasons why these interventions were selected.

Cassava + Corn + Peanut Production

Cassava is a traditional crop in Sulu and a staple food for the majority of the “Tausugs”, who have a menu of processed products such as pyuto, siyang-lag, biyanban, and cassava cake.

Cassava is widely grown on alluvial, sloping and foothill areas and could be intercropped with coconut or upland rice and corn. Cassava is an alternative for rice, with the end in view of minimizing rice importation.

Layer Chicken Egg Production

Poultry supply in the province ever since has always been imported from other places, such as Zamboanga City and other places in Mindanao.

During seasons of celebration like Maulud (Birth of Prophet Muhammad SAW) and graduations from March to April, the price of egg is normally very high due to shortage of supply. That is why the egg machine enterprise is introduced to the province to fill their needs.

 

Native Goat and Native Chicken Production

Organized goat production in the province was never a practice. Majority of the goat herders only tie their animals in certain places or leave them grazing anywhere until they are back before the night falls.

The price of livestock in the province, i.e. goat, also went high since the intensification of military operations in rural areas 10 to 20 years ago.  This project aims not only to increase the local supply of goat but also to make it more affordable to the people.

Meanwhile, here are some of the events celebrated in the province that prefer goats and native chicken:

  • Aqeeqah

It is an Islamic tradition that sacrifices an animal, which is a sheep or a goat, to celebrate a child’s birth. It is widely performed by Muslims. The animal’s meat is then being distributed to the poor.

  • Eid al-Adha

At the end of the Hajj (annual pilgrimage to Makkah), Muslims throughout the world celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice).

During its celebration, Muslims commemorate and remember Abraham’s trials by slaughtering an animal, such as a sheep, a camel, or a goat.

  • Other celebrations

Fasting during the days of Ramadhan, Eid’l Fitri, Maulud (Birth of Prophet Muhammad), or even traditional weddings, Tausugs are fond of preparing local delicacies such as pyangang manok and pyassak, both made of native chicken.

Backyard Fruit + Vegetable Production

Given the nature of the abovementioned crops and livestock production, farmers need to wait a long time to benefit from it. That is why they must be provided with short gestating interventions, such as vegetable production, which will serve as their cash crop

2018

MAIMBUNG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Laum Maimbung Bangsa Sug Farm Family Association 67 2,209,681.40
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Matatal Matatal SAAD Farmers’ Association 35 1,322,223.60
Matatal Egg Machine Association 30 722,325.00
TOTAL 132 4,254,230.00
PANAMAO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Suuh Anak Miskin Farmers Association 74 2,219,198.60
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Upper Patibulan Upper Patibulan Farmers Association 62 2,035,031.40
TOTAL 136 4,254,230.00
PARANG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising,  Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Laum Suah Laum Suah Farmers’ Association 40 1,786,433.00
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising,  Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Kaha Lupah Abu Farmers’ Association 52 1,290,177.67
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Lupah Abu Kaha Farmers’ Association 31 1,117,619.00
TOTAL 123 4,194,229.67
TALIPAO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Liban Masambu Maadil People’s Association 59 1,714,283.00
Diversified Livestock and Crops ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Tiis Tiis Kasanyangan Association 75 2,539,947.00
TOTAL 134 4,254,230.00

2019

INDANAN
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, Banana Demo Farm and Vegetable Production) Pasil 64 2,693,837.40
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Bangalan 66 2,121,792.00
TOTAL 130 4,815,629.40
MAIMBUNG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Laum Maimbung Bangsa Sug Farm Farmers Association 67 2,209,681.40
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Matatal 65 2,044,548.60
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Tandu Patung 70 2,302,471.00
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Duhul Kabbun 60 2,007,532.00
Banana Demo Farm and Vegetable Production Anak Jati Anak Jati Farmers Association 20 436,116.00
TOTAL 282 9,000,349.00
PANAMAO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Banana Demo Farm ,Vegetable Production, and cassava grater wit presser Suuh Anak Miskin Farmers’ Association 10 348,458.00
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Lower Patibulan Lower Patibulan SAAD Farmers Association 72 2,252,620.35
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Tabuh Manuk Tabuh Manok SAAD Farmers’ Association 68 1,887,812.15
Cassava grater with presser Upper Patibulan Upper Patibulan Farmers Association 10 181,000.00
TOTAL 160 4,669,890.50
PARANG
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, Banana and Vegetable Production) Laum Suah Laum Suah Farmers’ Association 40 1,485,437.00
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Kaha Lupah Abu Farmers’ Association 40 1,642,058.25
Diversified Livestock and Crops   ( Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising,  Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, Banana and Vegetable Production) Lupah Abu Kaha Farmers’ Association 45 1,685,181.00
TOTAL 125 4,812,676.25
TALIPAO
Project Title Barangay Farmers Association Number of Beneficiaries Amount
(Php)
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Liban Masambu Maadil People’s Association 37 1,077,014.55
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising,  Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming ) Tiis Tiis Kasanyangan Association 23 803,030.45
Diversified Livestock and Crops (Egg Production, Native Chicken Raising, Goat Raising, Cassava-Corn-Peanut Integrated Farming, and Vegetable Production) Tubod Kasambuhan sin Barangay Tubod Association 70 2,511,170.50
TOTAL 130 4,391,215.50

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President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
Republic of the Philippines

William D. Dar, Ph. D.
Secretary, Department of Agriculture

Myer G. Mula, Ph. D.
Program Director

                  

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